Rome, 25 Oct. 2019 - Over the last year 128,000 Italians left their homes to emigrate abroad Migrantes Foundation says in its XIV annual Report on Italians in the World. Overall the number of Italian nationals living in other countries is 5.3 million.
The majority of them are of working age: 35 to 49 years old (1.236.654; 23,4%) followed by 18 to 34 (1.178.717; 22,3%), and 65. As an index of increasing settlement those registered as born abroad are 39,7%.
Main destinations: the EU is the main destination. The book in UK foreign consulates regularisation of residency registered over 20.000 (+ 11.1% compared to the previous year), a growing figure attributable to Brexit.
Second in line is Germany with 18.385 newcomers from the 'Bel Paese' (-8,1% over 2017), then France 14.016, Brasil 11.663, the neighbouring Switzerland with its wide Italian speaking canton 10.265 followed by Spain with 7.529.
The richest and most industrialised region of Italy, Lombardy, with its vibrant financial centre of Milan, is first in line in the list of regions abandoned by the Italian working class both with low and high qualifications.
Out of a total of over 60 million citizens residing in Italy in January 2019, 8.8% are resident abroad (5,288,281 mln). From 2006 to 2019, Italian mobility increased by + 70.2% passing from just over 3.1 million registered with AIRE to almost 5.3 million.
Italians seeking work abroad come mainly from Lombardy and Veneto, the richest regions of the country. The poorest Sicily is only third.
Young leave the richest regions of Italy to find work abroad.
Migrantes Foundation reports 280K left the country
So far 839 refugees escaping war and poverty died, UNHCR reports.
They came from Afghanistan, Morocco/West Africa, Syria
Brussels, 22 August 2019 - The number of men, women and children escaping their countries and arriving in Europe has dropped over the first seven months of 2019 compared to last year: so far 53,761 reached EU borders, of which nearly 43,105 have risked their lives crossing the sea and 10,656 arriving by land UNHCR reports.
The UN agency adds in its report that 839 are those dead or missing until July 31st 2019
In 2018 arrivals have been 141.472 while 2.277 were dead or missing.
The drastic change in immigration policy in Italy with closed harbours and recent approval of tougher version of Security Decree determined since last year a change in migration routes: now the main one is the Eastern European one through Turkey and Greece.
The majority of refugees come from Afghanistan where the latest terror attack (Saturday 17 August 2019) claimed by Talibans, caused 80 dead and 160 wounded. So far 4,524 Afghani reached European shores this year.
Second country of origin of refugees and migrants crossing the sea is Morocco, a country crossed by those fleeing Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali and other Western African countries. From there they head to Spain where this year to July 4.057 disembarked.
Refugees escaping war in Syria crossing central Mediterranean are until 31 July 3,089.
COUNTRY REFUGEES NUMBER PERCENTAGE
State of Palestine
4,524 until 30 Jun 2019
4,057 until 31 Jul 2019
3,529 until 31 Jul 2019
3,089 until 31 Jul 2019
1,917 until 31 Jul 2019
1,836 until 31 Jul 2019
1,661 until 31 Jul 2019
1,614 until 31 Jul 2019 1,566 until 30 Jun 2019 1,484 until 30 Jun 2019
Rome Sept. 2019 - Anti-immigration and tougher policing Security Decree Two passed Italian Senate's vote with decisive majority on a motion of confidence put forward by Salvini's Lega: the vote result showed a unified coalition government after weeks of signals of possible breakdown both from Lega Nord and 5Star Movement. Opposition Democratic Party called Di Maio led populists 5StarM 'slaves' to Salvini's far-right after these backed the bill.
Rome July 2019 - Carlotta Sami, UNHCR spokesperson for Southern Europe, answers Talk Europe's questions about the consequences of anti-immigration 'Decreto Sicurezza'.
London – Housing crisis is a complex issue where multiple factors come into play. These are not economic only but also, and primarily, political. Conservatives, traditionally, support existing owners’ interests though since 2010 introduced policies such as buy to let and first time buyers to ease new ownership through mortgages accessibility. These policies are the root cause of homelessness and rough sleeping.
After reports and figures of hundred of thousands of homeless started affecting government’s reputation and credibility, changes in stamp duty and cut to mortgages interest tax relief (i.e. landlords can no longer claim all of their mortgage interest against income tax on rent) have been introduced. But as a result property investors/speculators leaved the buy to let market with consequent drop in loans approvals, shortage of houses available to rent and letting prices soaring.
Rents crisis has a tragic impact on homelessness: the majority of homeless in the UK come from rent evictions and more 55% of homeless families are into work. That proves low wages do not cover rents and welfare system does not provide enough help, so people end in temporary accommodations or sleeping rough.
Rough sleepers in London: majority are
London – A total of 8,855 people have been registered sleeping rough in London between April 2018 and March 2019. The figure is the outcome of the report Commissioned by the GLA (Greater London Authority) showing homeless have risen by 1.374 from 7,484 in 2018. Figures show 62% were sleeping rough for the first time.
Where rough sleepers are from:
British citizens are the majority 45%; second in line the EU citizens 39%.
One luxury tower looking down to the homeless in the heart of London
The Brexit High Streets Crisis
London 16 May 2019- The Hate Barometer is the tool Amnesty International Italy set to measure hate speech in the country over the EU elections. At ten days from the vote next 26 May, immigrants and Roma in particular are at the top of the chart with over 70%.
The online hate speech monitor is producing ongoing live figures and analyses on contents posted on Facebook and Twitter from Italian candidates to the EU Parliament and related replies from general account users.
On five main subjects: Roma, refugees, religious minorities, poverty and women the wider public of voters follows politicians and candidates generating hate speech. The chart shows 76% of replies to politicians posts about Roma ethnic minority are negative contents as well as 73% on refugees, 72% on women, 71% on religious minorities and finally 68% of replies and comments on solidarity are negative.
The same five issues are the everyday’s home and front pages of media: the latest Tweet from the far right interior minister restated the ‘closed harbours’ propaganda after the rescue vessel of the ONG Sea Watch rescued 65 men and women from a sinking boat coming from Africa, while in the capital the Roma ethnic minority is persistently attacked by locals who want to exclude them from the right to access social housing. Still in Italy the violence on women is widespread and the most serious cases are the top of an iceberg of discrimination, as a result of all those factors, solidarity is the least value for the majority of those who interact with political propaganda and are subdued to media agenda setting. Monitoring social media under elections is of pivotal relevance to understand the results. Hate speech and surging of far right in the polls are directly proportional now that far right Lega reached 32,2% and government allies 5SM at 21.5%.
Amnesty International's Hate Barometer measuring peak of intolerance in Italy